Clean Drinking Water
Water is an important and basic human right. The United Nations General Assembly, on 28 July 2010 recognized the human right to water and sanitation through a resolution and acknowledged that clean drinking water and sanitation are essential to the realization of all human rights.
The resolution calls upon states and international organizations to provide financial resources, help capacity-building and technology transfer to help countries, in particular developing countries, to ensure provision of safe, clean, accessible and affordable drinking water and sanitation.
Clean drinking water and sanitation as well as better management of water resources are essential to speed up economic growth and an important factor to alleviate poverty.
Water and health
Unsafe water and poor sanitation are factors leading to spread of diseases such as cholera, diarrhea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid, and polio.
The inadequate and inappropriately managed water resources and sanitation services expose individuals to health hazards.
This is particularly the case in health care facilities where both patients and staff are placed at additional risk of infection and disease when water, sanitation, and hygiene services are lacking.
Solid Waste ManagementSolid waste management is an integral part of environmental conservation that should be observed by individuals and companies globally. This will keep the environment clean and reduce health and settlement problems. Its duties are as follows
Peshawar is one of the biggest cities in Pakistan that faces many challenges. Solid waste management is one of them. Water and Sanitation Services Peshawar (WSSP), one of the sanitation utilities, manage waste in 43 urban union councils, mostly comprised of low and middle income localities.
The utility use different methods and machinery to collect waste from the localities under its jurisdiction. It uses pushcarts, mini-rickshaw dumper, Suzuki dumpers and tri-cycles to collect waste.
Waste Management (Transfer and transport)
The waste collected from the city is then transported through dumpers, trucks and tractor trolley to Shamshato Landfill site and dumped. There, the waste is fumigated and covered with lime to control stench and hazards it can cause to environment.
Sewerage and Drainage Management
With a complex network of new and decades old drainage/sewerage system, WSSP has categorized its drainage system in tertiary, secondary and primary drainages.
The tertiary drains, a combined system of pipes, mains, and outfall sewers for all types of sewage and runoff, drain out domestic as well as commercial sewerage. The tertiary drains connects with secondary drains. The secondary drains that connect with primary drains like Shahi Kattha and Muhammadzai drains – the largest drains.
The company frequently manages this network – reconstruction, rehabilitation and cleaning.
Sewerage water from most parts of the city including City Circular Road drain into Shahi Khata. The Shahi Khata system runs through the Bala Mari, Asia Gate, Kakshal, Sher Shah Suri Bridge, Firdous Cinema Chowk and passes through Afghan Colony and finally fall into Budhni nullah.
A major sewage line, laid in 1996 to drain out sewerage from Eastern part of the city runs through Shaikabad, Gulbhar-I and Gulbhar-II, Asad Anwar Colony, Afrido Ghari, Akhunabad and Peshawar Fruit Market. Another sewerage line starts from the city area of tehsil Gorghatri and goes through Karim Pura, Hashtnagri, Shahi Bagh and some parts of Charsadda Road. This too, like the two others, drains into the Budhni stream.